Mangrove decline puts Pakistan’s coasts at risk | Science

Climate change threatens the coastal areas of Pakistan by increasing sea levels (1), soil erosion, and pollution (2). Intact mangroves play a crucial role in preserving the ecological balance of coastal regions by absorbing excess nutrients, stabilizing sediments, and sequestering carbon, thereby improving water quality and mitigating pollution (3). However, Pakistan’s mangroves have experienced substantial degradation over the past 50 years (4). Pakistan should increase its coastal protection measures to guard against its vulnerabilities to climate change.

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